How to say the date in Russian

This article will comprehensively review how to say the date in Russian. We’ll go over key date and calendar concepts, essential vocab, as well as some grammar you’ll need to understand.

You might also find these pages helpful:

Key concepts for saying the date in Russian

How to ask what date it is

When you ask the date, you literally say "what is the number?" (какое число?)

  • число = number

For example:

  • Какое сегодня число? = What date is it today?
  • Какое число было вчера? = What was the date yesterday?
  • Какое число (будет) завтра? = What will be the date tomorrow?

How to ask a specific date

Asking a specific date is a little different in Russian. You can either use когда? (when?) or какого числа? (what date?).

For example:

  • Когда у тебя день рождения? = When is your birthday?
  • Какого числа ты будешь в Лондоне? = What day will you be in London?

How to say what date it is

There are two ways to say the date in Russian:

  • Saying when something happens: в + prepositional case
  • Describing the date of something: genitive case

Saying when something happens

This is how say something happens in / on a date:

  • Day: сегодня / завтра / вчера + ordinal neuter
  • Month: в + month in prepositional case
  • Year: в + year in prepositional case

For example:

  • Сегодня двадцать девятое марта. = Today is the 29th of March.
  • Я родился в августе. = I was born in August.
  • Я родился в тысяча девятсот девяностосто третом году. = I was born in 1993.

Describing the date of something

This is how you describe the date of something:

  • Day: ordinal day in genitive case
  • Month: month in genitive case
  • Year: year number + год (year) in genitive case

For example:

  • У меня игра двадцать девятого. = I have a game on the 29th.
  • Я родился одиннадцатого августа. = I was born on the 11th of August.
  • Я родился двадцать второго июня тысяча девятсот девяносто третего года. = I was born on the 20th of June in 1993.

Essential vocab for saying the date

Important date words

  • день = day
  • неделя = week
  • месец = month
  • год = year
  • век = century
  • число = date
  • сутки = day (formal; 24-hour period; rarely used)
    • Он и его люди искали круглые сутки. = He and his men have been searching round the clock.

Russian days of the week

  • понедельник = Monday
  • вторник = Tuesday
  • среда = Wednesday
  • четверг = Thursday
  • пятница = Friday
  • суббота = Saturday
  • воскресенье = Sunday

Saying on a day of the week

To say "on a certain day of the week," use "в" + accusative case

  • в понедельник
  • во втнорник
  • в среду
  • в четверг
  • в пятницу
  • в субботу
  • в воскресенье

Russian months

  • январь = January
  • февраль = February
  • март = March
  • апрель = April
  • май = May
  • июнь = June
  • июль = July
  • август = August
  • сентябрь = September
  • октябрь = October
  • ноябрь = November
  • декабрь = December

Using prepositions with months

When you want to say something happened during a certain month, use "" + prepositional case:

  • в феврале = in February
  • в сентябре = in September

When you want to say something has been happening since a certain month, use "" + genitive case:

  • с мая = since May
  • с ноября = since November
linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram