Russian adverbs

Use of Russian adverbs

Like in English, adverbs in Russian describe verbs, adjectives, as well as other adverbs. For example:

  • Я хорошо плаваю. = I swim well.
  • Сегодня она говорит очень тихо. = She is speaking very quietly today.

Unlike in English, Russian adverbs are also used in sentences where the subject has no gender or number, replacing the clause, “it is + adjective.” For example:

  • Курить вредно для вашего здоровья. = To smoke is bad for your health.
  • Мне плохо. = I don’t feel well.
  • Вам грустно? = Are you sad?

Forming Russian adverbs

Usually Russian adverbs are formed from their corresponding adjective.

For adjectives ending in -ый/-ий, add an -о.

  • хороший → хорошо
  • высокий → высоко
  • шумный → шумно
  • горячий → горячо
  • ясный → ясно

For adjectives ending in -ний, add an -е.

  • крайний → крайне
  • средний → средне

For adjectives ending in -скай /-цкий, add an -и

  • варварский → варварски

Sometimes the prefix по- must be added to certain adverbs

  • русский → по-русски
  • детский → по-детски
  • взрослый → по-взрослому

    Adverbs of place

    Adverbs of place answer the questions где? (where?), куда? (where to?), откуда? (from where?) an action or movement are taking place.

    Common Russian adverbs of place:

    Где

    • где = where
    • здесь =here
    • там = there
    • справа = on the right
    • слева = on the left

    Куда

    • куда = to where
    • сюда =to here
    • туда = to there
    • направо = to the right
    • налево = to the left

    Откуда

    • откуда = from where
    • отсюда = from here
    • оттуда = from there
    • справо = on the right
    • слево = on the left

    Adverbs of place with uncertainty

    The particle -то conveys uncertainty about the exact place or direction of an action

    • Саша, думаю, мы должны куда-то идти. = Now, Sasha, I believe we have someplace to be.
    • Он живёт где-то в Москве. = He lives somewhere in Moscow.

    The particle -нибудь conveys a general sense of direction, or one of an array of options.

    • Давай поедем куда-нибудь. = Let’s go somewhere.
    • Будет лучше пойти отдохнуть где-нибудь немного. = Might be best to go somewhere for a little while and rest.

    The particle кoe- is used when the speaker knows the exact place or direction involved but does not want to talk about it specifically.

    • Koe-где в этой комнате спрятан ключ. Найдите его. = There is a key hidden somewhere in this room. Find it.

      Adverbs of time

      Adverbs are used to ask, tell, and describe time. For example:

      • когда = when
      • с каких пор = since when
      • как долго = for how long
      • сколько времени = how long
      • как часто = how often
      • ежеминутно = minutely (every minute)
      • ежечасно = hourly (every hour)
      • ежедневно = daily
      • ежемесячно = monthly
      • ежегодно = annually
      • когда-то = once
      • когда-нибудь = some day
      • (не)давно = (not) long, long ago
      • (не)долго = (not) long, long time
      • (не)надолго = (not) for long, for a long time

       

        We recommend

        We recommend browsing rusandsov.com for a great selection of Russian and Soviet themed clothing and prints. Shipping is worldwide and the product quality is excellent! Also, you get 10% with code “russianenthusiast” 🙂

        Two Languages at the Same Time Men's T-shirt_rusandsov Lengiz Books on All Branches of Knowledge Mug_rusandsov.com

        About Russian Enthusiast

        Russian Enthusiast is created and managed by Richard Wess.

        Pin It on Pinterest

        Share This