Russian adverbs

Here's a summary of Russian adverbs.

Use of Russian adverbs

Like in English, adverbs in Russian describe verbs, adjectives, as well as other adverbs. For example:

  • Я хорошо плаваю. = I swim well.
  • Сегодня она говорит очень тихо. = She is speaking very quietly today.

Unlike in English, Russian adverbs are also used in sentences where the subject has no gender or number, replacing the clause, “it is + adjective.” For example:

  • Курить вредно для вашего здоровья. = To smoke is bad for your health.
  • Мне плохо. = I don’t feel well.
  • Вам грустно? = Are you sad?

Forming Russian adverbs

Usually Russian adverbs are formed from their corresponding adjective.

For adjectives ending in -ый/-ий, add an -о.

  • хороший → хорошо
  • высокий → высоко
  • шумный → шумно
  • горячий → горячо
  • ясный → ясно

For adjectives ending in -ний, add an -е.

  • крайний → крайне
  • средний → средне

For adjectives ending in -скай /-цкий, add an -и

  • варварский → варварски

Sometimes the prefix по- must be added to certain adverbs

  • русский → по-русски
  • детский → по-детски
  • взрослый → по-взрослому

Adverbs of place

Adverbs of place answer the questions где? (where?), куда? (where to?), откуда? (from where?) an action or movement are taking place.

Common Russian adverbs of place:


  • где = where
  • здесь =here
  • там = there
  • справа = on the right
  • слева = on the left


  • куда = to where
  • сюда =to here
  • туда = to there
  • направо = to the right
  • налево = to the left


  • откуда = from where
  • отсюда = from here
  • оттуда = from there
  • справо = on the right
  • слево = on the left

Adverbs of place with uncertainty

The particle -то conveys uncertainty about the exact place or direction of an action

  • Саша, думаю, мы должны куда-то идти. = Now, Sasha, I believe we have someplace to be.
  • Он живёт где-то в Москве. = He lives somewhere in Moscow.

The particle -нибудь conveys a general sense of direction, or one of an array of options.

  • Давай поедем куда-нибудь. = Let's go somewhere.
  • Будет лучше пойти отдохнуть где-нибудь немного. = Might be best to go somewhere for a little while and rest.

The particle кoe- is used when the speaker knows the exact place or direction involved but does not want to talk about it specifically.

  • Koe-где в этой комнате спрятан ключ. Найдите его. = There is a key hidden somewhere in this room. Find it.

Adverbs of time

Adverbs are used to ask, tell, and describe time. For example:

  • когда = when
  • с каких пор = since when
  • как долго = for how long
  • сколько времени = how long
  • как часто = how often
  • ежеминутно = minutely (every minute)
  • ежечасно = hourly (every hour)
  • ежедневно = daily
  • ежемесячно = monthly
  • ежегодно = annually
  • когда-то = once
  • когда-нибудь = some day
  • (не)давно = (not) long, long ago
  • (не)долго = (not) long, long time
  • (не)надолго = (not) for long, for a long time
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